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Melbourne Cup

Australians are known as the biggest punters in the world! Even those who don't consider themselves to be usual horse racing punters generally like to have a flutter come the main event.

Melbourne Cup punters can also be superstitious, and perhaps for a good reason. There are "unlucky" barriers such as barrier 15, which has never produced a winner in the Cup's long history. That doesn't mean that barrier 15 is any worse than barrier 14, which is one of the most successful. There's no explanation to this "curse" but many punters will not punt against it regardless of the draw.

The Melbourne Cup is a grueling 3200m race in which favourites don't usually do very well. This why a good betting strategy is important and why you should keep an eye on any big bets, market moves and odds on the 2015 Melbourne Cup.

Read more about betting on the Melbourne Cup.

Photo: © Henry Ruuskanen. Fiorente at the Flemington Racecourse Mounting Yard, 5 Nov 2013.

Fiorente prior to the Melbourne Cup race

About the Melbourne Cup

The Melbourne Cup Carnival is known worldwide as Australia's greatest sporting event. The week-long horse racing extravaganza is held every year at the Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne. For Australians both local and abroad, the Melbourne Cup represents Australia's most anticipated race that literally stops the nation.

Melbourne Cup Day is also a day where people gather to be seen in all types of fashion, while tasting different types of food and consuming vast quantities of (sometimes) expensive wine. It's this one day of the year that Flemington turns into a spectacle of extravagance and indulgence. Women dress up in the very best of apparel and accessories, and the women's carnival itself is responsible for drawing in large numbers to the carnival week.

Keep in mind though, the Melbourne Cup Day race itself isn't the only lure that draws in the large hoards of would-be winners. There is also Derby Day, Oaks Day and Stakes Day, which all combine to form the Melbourne Cup Carnival with over 30 high-quality horse races and well over $20 million in total prize money. This carnival has a long-standing place embedded within Australian culture, and the history of the Melbourne Cup speaks for itself.

Some Melbourne Cup History

In January 1788, the First Fleet landed at Port Jackson carrying convicts, other cargo, and a stallion, four mares, a colt and a filly. This was no Noah's ark, but from these sea-sick beasts began the horse history of Australia. In Melbourne settlers set up residence around 1835, and without further ado went about preparing a track to resume their favourite horse racing which was rudely interrupted by a voyage across the seas. Bullock carts served as grandstands and the winning post was marked by a coat stand. Bottles of rum were the prevalent currency for bets.

The event probably grew too big for the bullock cart and soon the venue was shifted to Fleming Town on the banks of the Maribyrnong River, named after a local butcher, Bob Fleming. A three day event held in March, 1840 marked the beginning of official horse racing history in Melbourne. Minor clubs ran the show till in 1861, The Victoria Turf Club took over and held the first Melbourne Cup on Thursday 7th November. This historic race was run by seventeen horses and the lucky horse to go down in history as the winner was Archer, who legend has it, had to walk all the way from Nowra in NSW to participate. His efforts were amply rewarded by a hand-crafted gold watch and £170 prize money. This probably proved incentive enough, and he went on to win again the next year.

Later in 1864, the Victoria Turf Club and the Victoria Jockey Club merged to from the Victoria Racing Club which then took charge of proceedings, and it has been so ever since. In 1871, the Victoria Racing Club Act was passed and this granted the VRC legal rights over the Flemington Racecourse. Under the VRC, the sport grew from strength to strength, shed its parochial image, and became widely popular. This led to the Cup day being declared a half day holiday in 1865. By 1877 the whole day was declared a holiday and the crowds thronged the Flemington race course.

It was in 1875 that the Cup was held on the first Tuesday of November and adopted the four day format, which eventually evolved into the Carnival we now enjoy. By all accounts the Cup was growing into a major event which was starting to grab attention and create frenzy locally and overseas.

Since 1972, the distance to be covered was changed to 3200 metres to adhere to the metric system, from the original distance of 2 miles which is roughly about 3218 metres. A few records, such as the one made by Rain Lover had to be adjusted to suit the new distance. The best timing was recorded by Kingston Rule in the 1990 Cup Day, when he clocked 3:16:3, a record that remains unbroken. He is not to be confused with Kingston Town who is known as the champ of the eighties.

Though the Cup Day has been held since 1861 every year without fail, a trophy was handed over to the winner only in 1865. This was in the form of a miniature horse and rider atop a silver bowl with decorative handles. In 1876, the first gold cup was awarded and it was made in Victoria and not from England as was the custom until then. In 1888, the trophy again reverted to silver, this time three silver horses on a silver base. The next year, it was someone's idea of a joke in the form of a silver tea and coffee service, which reportedly, the winner didn't think was funny. 1899 saw the presenting of a plaque with an embossing of a silver horse. From 1915 till 1918, a large rose bowl was used as a trophy. And finally in 1919 was introduced the trophy that we now know as the Melbourne Cup.

From 1922-1960 trophies growing in value from £200 to £750 were presented. 1973 saw a cup worth $3000 which grew to $9000 by 1978. The dramatic growth in value continued with $23,000 in 1984 rising to $60,000 in 2001. And as of 2006 it was reported to be of $75,000 value. The prize money has risen from $1420 in 1861 to just over a whopping $6.2 million in 2012. And now the trophy as befitting a world class event is made up of 34 pieces of hand-beaten 18 carat gold.

Not bad for a race that lasts about three minutes!

Recent Melbourne Cup Winners

YearWinnerSecondThird
2014 Protectionist Red Cadeaux Who Shot Thebarman
2013 Fiorente Red Cadeaux Mount Athos
2012 Green Moon Fiorente Jakkalberry
2011 Dunaden Red Cadeaux Lucas Cranach
2010 Americain Maluckyday So You Think
2009 Shocking Crime Scene Mourilyan
2008 Viewed Bauer C'est La Guerre
2007 Efficient Purple Moon Mahler
2006 Delta Blues Pop Rock Maybe Better
2005 Makybe Diva On a Jeune Xcellent
2004 Makybe Diva Vinnie Roe Zazzman
2003 Makybe Diva She's Archie Jardines Lookout
2002 Media Puzzle Mr. Prudent Beekeeper
2001 Ethereal Give The Slip Persian Punch
2000 Brew Yippyio Second Coming
1999 Rogan Josh Central Park Lahar
1998 Jezabeel Champagne Persian Punch
1997 Might and Power Doriemus Markham
1996 Saintly Count Chivas Skybeau
1995 Doriemus Nothin Leica Dane Vintage Crop
1994 Jeune Paris Lane Oompala
1993 Vintage Crop Te Akau Nick Mercator
1992 Subzero Veandercross Castletown
1991 Let's Elope Shiva's Revenge Magnolia Hall
1990 Kingston Rule The Phantom Mr Brooker
1989 Tawrrific Super Impose Kudz
1988 Empire Rose Natski Na Botto
1987 Kensei Empire Rose Rosedale
1986 At Talaq Rising Fear Sea Legend
1985 What a Nuisance Koiro Corrie May Tripsacum
1984 Black Knight Chagemar Mapperley Heights
1983 Kiwi Noble Comment Mr Jazz
1982 Gurner's Lane Kingston Town Noble Comment
1981 Just a Dash El Laurena Flashing Light
1980 Beldale Ball My Blue Denim Love Bandit
1979 Hyperno Salamander Red Nose
1978 Arwon Dandaleith Karu
1977 Gold and Black Reckless Hyperno
1976 Van Der Hum Gold And Black Kythera
1975 Think Big Holiday Waggon Medici
1974 Think Big Leilani Captain Peri
1973 Gala Supreme Glengowan Daneson
1972 Piping Lane Magnifique Gunsynd
1971 Silver Knight Igloo Tails
1970 Baghdad Note Vansittart Clear Prince
1969 Rain Lover Alsop Ben Lomond
1968 Rain Lover Fileur Fans
1967 Red Handed Red Crest Floodbird
1966 Galilee Light Fingers Duo
1965 Light Fingers Ziema Midlander
1964 Polo Prince Elkayel Welltown
1963 Gatum Gatum Ilumquh Grand Print
1962 Even Stevens Comicquita Aquanita
1961 Lord Fury Grant Print Dhaulagiri
1960 Hi Jinx Howsie Ilumquh
1959 Macdougal Nether Gold White Hills
1958 Baystone Monte Carlo Red Pine
1957 Straight Draw Prince Darius Pandie Sun
1956 Evening Peal Redcraze Caranna
1955 Toparoa Rising Fast Sir William
1954 Rising Fast Hellion Gay Helios
1953 Wodalla Most Regal My Hero
1952 Dalray Welkin Sun Reformed
1951 Delta Akbar Double Blank
1950 Comic Court Chicquita Morse Code
1949 Foxzami Hoyle Benvolo
1948 Rimfire Dark Marne Saxony
1947 Hiraji Fresh Boy Red Fury
1946 Russia On Target Carey
1945 Rainbird Silver Link Leonard
1944 Sirius Peter Cellini
1943 Dark Felt Counsel Claudette
1942 Colonus Phocion Heart's Desire
1941 Skipton Son Of Aurous Beau Vite
1940 Old Rowley Maikai Tidal Wave
1939 Rivette Maikai Pantler
1938 Cataloque Bourbon Ortelle's Star
1937 The Trump Willie Win Sarcherie
1936 Wotan Silver Standard Balkan Prince
1935 Marabou Sarcherie Sylvandale
1934 Peter Pan Sarcherie LaTrobe
1933 Hall Mark Shadow King Topical
1932 Peter Pan Yarramba Shadow King
1931 White Nose Shadow King Concentrate
1930 Phar Lap Second Wind Shadow King
1929 Nightmarch Paquito Phar Lap
1928 Statesman Strephon Demost
1927 Trivalve Silvius Son O'Mine
1926 Spearfelt Naos Pantheon
1925 Windbag Manfred Pilliewinkie
1924 Backwood Stand By Spearfelt
1923 Bitalli Rivoli Accarak
1922 King Ingoda The Cypher Mufti
1921 Sister Olive The Rover Amazonia
1920 Poitrel Erasmus Queen Comedy
1919 Artilleryman Richmond Main Two Blues
1918 Night Watch Kennaquhair Gadabout
1917 Westcourt Lingle Wallace Isinglass
1916 Sasanof Shepherd King St Spasa
1915 Partobas Westcourt Carlita
1914 Kingsburgh Sir Alwynton Moonbria
1913 Posinatus Belove Ulva's Isle
1912 Piastre Hallowmas Uncle Sam
1911 The Parisian Flavian Didus
1910 Comedy King Trafalgar Apple Pie
1909 Prince Foote Alawa Aberdeen
1908 Lord Nolan Tulkeroo Delaware
1907 Apologue Mooltan Mountain King
1906 Poseidon Antonius Proceed
1905 Blue Spec Scot Free Tartan
1904 Acrasia Lord Cardigan Blinker
1903 Lord Cardigan Wakeful Seaport
1902 The Victory Vanity Fair Abundance
1901 Revenue San Fran Khaki
1900 Clean Sweep Maltster Alix
1899 Merriwee Voyou Dewey
1898 The Grafter Wait-A-Bit Cocos
1897 Gaulus The Grafter Aurum
1896 Newhaven Bloodshot The Skipper
1895 Auraria Hova Burrabari
1894 Patron Devon Nada
1893 Tarcoola Carnage Jeweller (Late Limerick)
1892 Glenloth Ronda Penance
1891 Malvolio Sir William Strathmore
1890 Carbine Highborn Correze
1889 Bravo Carbine Melos
1888 Mentor Tradition The Yeoman
1887 Dunlop Silvermine The Australian Peer
1886 Arsenal Trenton Silvermine
1885 Sheet Anchor Grace Darling Trenton
1884 Malua Commotion Plausible
1883 Martini-Henri First Water Commotion
1882 The Assyrian Stockwell Gudarz
1881 Zulu The Czar Sweetmeat
1880 Grand Flaneur Progress Lord Burghley
1879 Darriwell Sweetmeat Suwarrow
1878 Calamia Tom Kirk Waxy
1877 Chester Savanaka The Vagabond
1876 Briseis Sibyl Timothy
1875 Wollomai Richmond Goldsborough
1874 Haricot Protos The Diver (late Dolphin)
1873 Don Juan Dagworth Horatio
1872 The Quack The Ace Dagworth
1871 The Pearl Romula Irish King
1870 Nimblefoot Lapdog Valentine
1869 Warrior The Monk Phoebe
1868 Glencoe Strop Shenendoah
1867 Tim Whiffler Queen of Hearts Exile
1866 The Barb Exile Falcon
1865 Toryboy Panic Riverina
1864 Lantern Poet Rose of Denmark
1863 Banker Musidora Rose of Denmark
1862 Archer Mormon Camden
1861 Archer Mormon Prince

Famous Melbourne Cup Winners

Back in the day the saga of equine magnificence began with Archer, an out-of-towner, upsetting Mormon the local favourite by coming up from behind to win the first ever Melbourne Cup in 1861. It was an eventful race where a fall resulted in a collision that killed two horses and injured a jockey. In the resulting melee, Archer managed to overtake Mormon and dash past the finishing post. As if to dispel any notion that this was pure luck, Archer went on to win the next year, once again pushing Mormon to second place, and trotted away with the prize.

Another horse to win the Cup twice was Peter Pan who pranced all over the competition in 1932 and 1934. This was the stuff legends are made of when in 1932 he went down and came up again managing to regain his balance, and won the race by a neck length. He repeated his performance in 1934 and finished three lengths ahead of his competition. 1968 and 1969 belonged to Rain Lover; where in the first race he won by an unrivalled eight lengths. His second triumph was clouded by a controversy when the favourite Big Philou was drugged and had to drop out of the race minutes before it was due to begin. In 1974 and 1975 it was Think Big's turn to repeat this amazing feat of consecutive victories.

To win twice is an accomplishment, but to win thrice is what takes a horse from history to mythology. Makybe Diva would then have to be called a mythical horse, for she won the prestigious Melbourne Cup a record three times in a row starting from 2004. She is also the latest to be inducted to the Racing Hall of Fame. Being the only mare in this illustrious group of multiple winners, and outdoing their accomplishments, she might well be termed a feminist icon, but she is presently living in domestic bliss with her new born colt in the Hunter Valley, NSW.

Carbine, a New Zealand thoroughbred was another illustrious horse that was inducted into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame. Earlier on he was known for his penchant for biting strangers and dropping unsuspecting riders. His remarkable Melbourne Cup win in 1890 was a triumph in more ways than one. He set a weight carrying record of 66.5kg and won the race in a record time of 3 minutes and 28 ¼ seconds which took 15 years to be broken. All this with a heel that had split open and had to be lanced. Carbine was indeed a horse of heroic proportions.

Another glorious inductee into the Hall of Fame was Tulloch who had an amazing career and nineteen victories under his saddle. Bernborough, with twenty six wins was also one of the five to be conferred this honour. Kingston Town, the champ of the 1980s was a big time winner who made over 1.5 million dollars in prize money and won 30 victories, and was therefore deemed worthy to be a Hall of Famer. But of the magnificent five the one that lives on to this day as a legend would have to be Phar Lap, the greatest racehorse ever.

With a name that meant "lightning" in Thai, he was however, disowned by his owner Davis who was totally unimpressed with his skinny looks and ugly face. But his trainer Telford had faith in him and managed to convince Davis to lease him the ugly looking brute. Stable boy Tom Woodcock soon became his attendant and best friend, so much so that the horse would refuse food if Woodcock wasn't in the stall.

This equine equivalent of the ugly duckling soon transformed into a world class race horse that won races as a matter of routine. He became so famous that it unnerved bookmakers and one of them even tried to assassinate him on Derby Day, 1930. It is alleged that Woodcock moved swiftly and placed himself in the line of fire. No one was hurt. Three days later Phar Lap went on to win the Melbourne Cup.

He was taken to America where he continued his winning streak in spite of injury and weather changes. But on the 5th of April, 1932, the mighty horse died under mysterious circumstances to arsenic poisoning, breaking over a million hearts. Woodcock is supposed to have thrown himself on his dead mate and cried like a baby. Amid controversies that he was poisoned by the mafia and/or disgruntled American bookmakers, the legend still lives on in the hearts of all Australians.

Melbourne Cup Facts

The Melbourne Cup has had its moments -- well-known ones that go straight into the pages of history, and lesser known ones in horse racing that cause amusement or nervous breakdowns in the few who experience them or bear witness to them (Black Caviars' race at Ascot comes to mind). While the famous events are talked about and repeated especially when the Melbourne Cup Carnival draws near, the lesser known ones are more or less forgotten, or remain half-remembered anecdotes in smaller circles.

The Barb, winner of the Cup in 1866 was stolen from his paddock in Bathurst by bush rangers. These folks were well-known for their tendency in this direction and specialised in easy money making ventures that won them a lot of profit. But surprisingly the horse was found in Caloola quite unharmed though a bit disoriented. Those in the know later attributed his escape to his foul temper that the bush rangers probably found too much to handle.

Minor misunderstandings may have caused a few bets to be lost when in 1866 two horses named Falcon ran the race. This happened again in 1867 which saw two Tim Whifflers. This time round they were more prepared and named them Sydney Tim and Melbourne Tim, and the race was won by the former. Sydney Tim's mother has been immortalised by a painting called Whiffler's Mother, and this adorns a wall in the Victoria Racing Club committee room.

1876 saw the winning horse Briseis jockeyed by a thirteen year old aboriginal boy Peter from St. Albans, who is to date the youngest jockey to have won the Melbourne Cup. In all likelihood this is one record that shall remain unbroken.

In 1881 the tension was reported to be fever pitch and a dog that couldn't stand it any longer ran onto the track and upset proceedings considerably. But the winner, a lame pony named Zulu, had a single track mind and wasn't unduly upset by the canine's over enthusiasm. The fate of the hound is not known.

In 1895, Mark Twain while on a lecture tour Down Under, was fascinated by all the fuss taken over a horse race. In his world famous book 'Following the Equator: A Journey Around the World' he records his amazement noting, "Nowhere in the world have I encountered a festival of people that has such a magnificent appeal to the whole nation. The Cup astonishes me."

It is an interesting fact that the first ever film newsreel shot in Australia is that of the Melbourne Cup Day in 1896. This was also the first ever Cup Day to be captured on film. This would make Newhaven the winning horse, the first media horse celebrity.

In 1925, the Melbourne radio station 3LO broadcast a live commentary of the Cup for the very first time. Race-caller, Eric Welch gave a dramatic version of proceedings right up to the point where Windbag won the event.

In 1948, for the very first time photofinishing was used to decide the winner, and Rimfire won over Dark Marne by a nose length. He was the great-great grandson of the hall of famer Carbine.

1983 saw an unprecedented upset when Kiwi, being last at the turn, ran for his life and went on to win the Cup. His training mainly consisted of herding sheep, and that was all the experience he had. But against all odds, he just did what came naturally to him and ran for all he was worth.